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Sexual Advice 101
Sexual Advice 101
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What is PCOS?

PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome is a common problem affecting women of reproductive age. It is characterized by problems like anovulation, infertility, excess body hair, hair thinning. This disorder is a problem of the endocrine system, which exerts an impact on the reproductive system. In normal healthy women the ovaries release an egg every month. There are several follicles within the ovaries. Each follicle harbors an egg. The follicle which reaches maturity faster will release the egg first and the other follicles degenerate. In women with PCOS, the ovaries appear larger than normal and cysts may be seen. These cysts are formed from clumps of undeveloped follicles. These cysts can cause hormonal imbalances within the body. Women with PCOS are more at risk of insulin resistant type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, miscarriage, and thyroid problems. A doctor can diagnose PCOS on the basis of these symptoms. The diagnosis has to be confirmed by an ultrasonograph which will help detect the presence of cysts in the ovary. Doctors may recommend a blood test to identify the levels of different hormones like androstenedione, testosterone, and estrogen. Cholesterol, glucose and insulin levels may also be tested. PCOS can be treated by weight management, oral contraceptives, progestin, anti-androgens or GnRH analogs. Your doctor can suggest a mode of treatment most suitable for you.

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